When English EFL language learners have listening comprehension problems it can be wearisome. If you use videos, CDs or audio cassette tapes, or even perhaps when speaking your learners can have their lesson input interrupted by an absence of listening comprehension skills. Comprehensible input (Krashen, 1989) is an integral part of any English or foreign language class.

Contributing Factors

These seven factors can directly or indirectly produce your learners' listening comprehension skills and comprehension.

1. Vocabulary

ELT author, researcher and lecturer Scott Thornbury said, ". count one hundred words of a (reading) passage. If more than ten of the test is unknown, the text has less than a 90% vocabulary recognition rate. It's not therefore, unreadable." (S. Thornbury, 2004) The same then is likely true to get a listening passage. Remember, "You can never be too rich, too thin or have enough foreign language vocabulary" as the saying goes.

2. Rhyming Sounds

Have you taught or learned composition? If so, you'll remember that available types of rhyming patterns which may be placed. Alliteration, onomatopoeia, assonance and consonance, simile, metaphor and allusion, among others, all lend specific ambience to written or spoken language in English tongue.

Note: If you'd like or do you need a quick refresher on these poetic elements, you should read, "How to Evoke Imagery, Emotions and Ideas in Writing Poetry That Captures Your readers Imagination" and "How to write Poems That Capture the heart and Imagination of Your Readers" the particular author. (L.M. Lynch, 2007)

3. Idioms and Expressions

In every language there are a frequently-used idioms and expressions that allow its speakers to convey nuances of thought to one another effortlessly along with greater clarity that simply "explaining" everything verbally. Not only is it helpful to understand as many of these as possible, but if you don't, the meanings numerous conversations or spoken exchanges may you "lost" for the listener.

4. Pronunciation

Everyone speaks differently and uses forms of connected speech in distinctive ways. Elements including elision, contraction, juncture, liaison, register, accommodation, aspect, intonation Visit here and others, affect pronunciation and speech patterns on a buyer basis. When learners are unfamiliar, as well ignorant of, these elements, listening comprehension can be significantly sourced.

5. Regional or National Accents

The same sentence when spoken by people from different first language (L1) backgrounds, regional locations, or ethnic backgrounds can be decisively varied. Unfamiliarity with such on the a part of EFL learners can cause a definite lack of listening comprehension or "comprehensible input" as mentioned earlier.

6. Grammar in Context

When grammar and its aspects are taught as "separate" themes, that is, outside of a real relevant context, learners can be "handicapped" if you'll by not understanding just when and how particular grammar structures utilized by native speakers during an oral discourse or verbal exchange. Faster they, the learners, hear a grammar structure may "know", but learned "out of context", they will often "miss it", misinterpret it or not really understand what they are hearing.

7. Language Rhythms

One with the big differences between English and say, Spanish, truth one language is "syllable-based" while the additional is "accent-based". This is the reason non-native speakers sounding "funny" when speaking a language other than their native language.

With epithets like, "oh, she luv-ed him but chew-no it wuzn't not no guud, mahn for demm ship."

These forms of epithets derive not from being a lack of English or other foreign language skills in particular, but rather from pronunciation based on using an "incorrect" spoken language rhythm.

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